With the depletion of fossil energy resources such as coal, oil, gas and the shut-down of the nuclear programs in many countries, the necessity to set-up an energy structure based on renewable energies with often fluctuating power output is a vast challenge for electrical engineering. This lecture faces that challenge explaining the functioning and performance parameters of all types of renewable energy conversion devices, their availability, interaction and adaptability to load structures. Vice versa, the adaptability of load curves to the availability of the energy sources shall be presented, including new concepts, e.g. decentralized generation, storage and energy management, in particular Demand-Side-Management, P2X.
1. Existing energy structures: History, development
2. Present components & systems: generation, transport, consumption
3. Characteristics of variable renewable energy sources: solar thermal, photovoltaics, wind power
4. Characteristics of renewable energy sources: hydro & wind power
5. Characteristics of steady renewable energy sources: biomass, geothermal energy
6. Individual and combined availability and performance
7. Energy management, transport (smart grid) and storage necessities
8. Storage devices and concepts: types, performance, costs
9. New concepts to minimize costs: decentralized, autonomous and semi-autonomous systems, swarm concepts, demand side management, (DSM), power to gas & heat (P2X)
10. Geographical differences: Local resources, potentials, load structures
11. Legislative issues: access to grid & electricity spot-market
12. Excursion to practical project examples
Learning outcomes and competences:
After completing the course the students should in a position to: understand the implications, necessities and properties of an energy supply system (energy system 2.0) based on the combination of different renewable energy sources, distribution, storage, demand side management and be familiarized with the components, its specific characteristics and parameters.
** Key qualifications:**
The students are enabled to apply the knowledge and skills across disciplines are enabled to use method-oriented approaches for the implementation of sustainable energy supply are enabled to educate themselves in the future.